Reading Sample 11- THE GROWING GLOBAL POPULATION (B1) (Short Reading)


The World at 7 Billion, and Growing 

            The United Nations estimates that the world reached seven billion people. Populations are growing faster than economies in many poor countries in Africa and some in Asia. At the same time, low fertility rates in Japan and many European nations have raised concerns about labour shortages. 

            Population experts at the United Nations estimated that the current world population of 7.6 billion is expected to reach 8.6 billion in 2030, 9.8 billion in 2050 and 11.2 billion in 2100. China's population of one and a third billion is currently the world's largest. India is second at 1.2 billion. But India is expected to pass China and reach one and a half billion people around twenty twenty-five. India will also have one of the world's youngest populations. Economists claim that this is a chance for a so-called demographic dividend. India could gain from the skills of young people in a growing economy at a time when other countries have ageing populations. However, this high growth rate is unlikely to create enough jobs.

1. According to the passage,  the increasing population is a threat in some undeveloped countries because ........................ 

2.According to the passage, what can be the consequences of poor birth ratio in some countries?? 

 3. What is the potential threat waiting for India due to overpopulation? 

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1. Populations are growing faster than economies.

2. Many nations have raised concerns about labour shortages.

3. This high growth rate is likely to create inadequate jobs.

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